With an estimated five percent of all known species on earth residing within its borders, Costa Rica offers more eco-tour options than anywhere else. A short guided jungle or canopy tour can offer sights of four different types of monkeys, 850 types of birds (twice that of the U.S. and Canada), and more butterfly species than the whole of Africa. Toucans, macaws, monkeys, sloths, and lemurs are common sights along many tour routes. The coastal areas are complete with protected areas for the four species of endangered sea turtles (green, hornbill, ridley, and leatherback) that Costa Rica takes pride in protecting. The Tortuguero area of Costa Rica remains one of only thirty nesting sites globally that the green sea turtle finds suitable for laying its eggs. Local environmental agencies coordinate tours within the turtles' mating season.
Wildlife and spectacular scenery are not the only activities available. Scuba diving, sport fishing, surfing, golf, kayaking, whitewater rafting, and mountain biking are available and draw in a large number of adventure seekers looking for new ground to cover.